The United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) under Security Council resolution 2102 (2013) is providing support to the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) in its peacebuilding and statebuilding priorities under the New Deal Compact.
The Peacebuilding Fund aims to help sustain momentum through immediate and mid-term peacebuilding phases of the Compact, in particular in the ‘newly recovered’ areas.
The second phase will help to deliver longer-term programmatic support to lay the foundations for a more inclusive political dispensation by 2016. A package of $12 million in IRF funding to support Somalia’s Vision 2016 support has been committed, based on a declaration of eligibility for the PBF by the Secretary-General in December, 2014.
President Hassan Sheikh prioritized a request to support the Government’s stabilization strategy in south central Somalia, leading to a grant of $4.2 million that complements joint Somalia National Army and AMISOM military offensives to retake control of territory. Activities will help to install interim and caretaker administrations in a manner intended to build local legitimacy and trust.
This initial PBF support was followed by additional funding amounting to US$4.9 million to support Compact priorities jointly endorsed by the Federal Government of Somalia and the Somalia Development and Reconstruction Framework (SDRF) Steering Committee. Priorities supported included the following: Risk management strategy support; Joint Rule of Law – Justice and Corrections support; Support for State Formation – reconciliation conferences, and the Rehabilitation of high risk prisoners in Baidoa.
Somalia is also a beneficiary country for the PBF Gender Promotion Initiative 2, with an additional $1 million allocation for the project on “Support to Women’s Role and Participation in Peacebuilding: Towards Just, Fair and Inclusive Somalia”, and will in the future also benefit from a pilot PBF cross- border project to support Somalia-Kenya refugees and peacebuilding initiative (UNHCR) with an additional US$3 million allocation.
In Somalia, the Fund is prioritizing ways to reinforce the existing planning mechanisms that the Government and partners have put in place. Not only is the PBF following the New Deal and SDRF mechanisms, but is planning in 2016 to channel funds directly through Government financial systems, an approach that is being pursued collaboratively with the World Bank.
Having benefited from a package of IRF support, Somalia will seek in later 2015/ early 2016 support through the Peacebuilding and Recovery Facility.
Total funding support in US$ since 2014:
- IRF – $10,131,091
Focus of PBF support:
|Project name/ ID||Focus||Period||Budget||RUNOs|
|Support to the Federal Government of Somalia in stabilization of the Newly Recovered AreasPBF/IRF-116||The project will support the FGS in its stabilization efforts in the newly recovered areas, through establishment of caretaker and interim local administrations capable of leading an inclusive dialogue towards the formation of governance structures and promoting reconciliation.||June 2015-December 2016||$4,205,295||UNDP|
|Strengthening women’s role and participation in peacebuilding – towards a just, fair and inclusive SomaliaPBF/IRF-119||The aims at strengthening women’s role and agency for the advancement of their political empowerment and directly supports the gender equality commitments made by the Federal Government of Somalia in the framework of the Somali New Deal Compact.||July 2015-December 2016||$1,000,000||UNSOM (via UNDPA)UN Women UNDP|
|Risk Management Strategy supportPBF/IRF-120||The project will provide technical capacity to government, the UN and other development partners to implement the Risk Management Strategy developed for the SDRF Trust Funds to ensure that they achieve their objectives of supporting the implementation of the Somalia Compact||August 2015-July 2016||$300,000||UNDP|
|Support for Somalia Joint Rule of Law – Justice and CorrectionsPBF/IRF-121||The project efforts by the Federal Government, the emerging Interim Regional Administrations and UNSOM to convene 10 inclusive local reconciliation conferences and 3 minority rights conferences to consider and proposed key issues in order to facilitate the formation of viable Interim Regional Administrations in Somalia that will in the future likely evolve into Federal Member States.||July 2015-March 2016||$2,232,061||UNDP|
|Rehabilitation pilot for high risk prisoners in the Baidoa prison[project # - tbc]||The pilot project will design and test in Somalia a broadly acceptable rehabilitation programme for convicted Al Shabaab prisoners in the Baidoa prison. The project will build on lessons learnt to review and device appropriate approaches to counter violent extremism among convicted offenders. An evaluation of the project will be done to assess the scope for scaling-up as a national rehabilitation programme for Somalia.||September 2015-April 2016||US$331,789||UNOPS|
Overview of PBF support and results:
The Federal Government of Somalia stabilization strategy supported by the UN and other development partners to the New Deal Compact complements recent AMISOM/Somalia National Army military/security gains to regain territorial control from Al Shabaab and also supports investment in the restoration and reconciliation efforts for the extension of state authority in the Newly Recovered Areas (Districts) in South Central Region.
Up until August 2015, PBF grant of $4.2 million has supported the deployment of Caretaker Administrations in the following 5 Districts of: Kuntuwarey, Mahas, Qoryooley, Jalalaqsi and Barawe, and plans are underway to deploy to further four Districts during September (UNSOM & UNDP, Mogadishu). The high-risk but crucial peacebuilding venture launched in early 2015 aims to deploy a maximum of 20 Caretaker Administrators in the liberated areas by end of 2016 to work with local District Peace and Stability Committees to establish interim local administrations and facilitate inclusive dialogue and reconciliation processes towards the formation of regional governance and state structures that are essential of the creation of the Federal State of Somalia.
PBF support, through this project, is in line with Somalia New Deal Compact to use national systems to deliver peacebuilding and stabilisation support. The support is helping to build on the Somalia Finance Facility (SFF) work to develop and extend those systems to districts [SFF was established with Norway and World Bank support to allow money flows on the short term and build the basis for the future public finance mechanism]. More importantly PBF support will also help develop the financial rules for use and accountability.
Updated October 2015
Quarterly reports for each project are available on the MPTF-O Gateway site