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Philippines

Summary:

PBF supports the implementation of the 2014 Bangsamoro Peace Agreement with a UN joint programme that aims to reduce barriers to acceptance of the Agreement among key actors and populations.  PBF support has been helping to stimulate discussion on the Bangsamoro Basic Law (BBL) and promote advocacy for the passage of the law.  Activities have been developed in close partnership with the Office of the President’s Advisor on the Peace Process and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF).   PBF resources have helped the UN Country Team expand its work in Bangsamoro, thus enabling the UN to better focus on one of its core missions, to sustain peace.

Total funding support in US$: 3 million

Focus of PBF support:

Project name/ ID One sentence explaining focus Period Budget RUNOs
PBF/IRF-110: Increasing Public Confidence and Participation in Support of Implementation of the Bangsamoro Peace Agreement  The project supports the implementation of the 2014 Bangsamoro Peace Agreement with initiatives to reduce barriers to acceptance of the agreement among key actors and populations, Nov 2014 – May 2016   $ 3.0m UNDP, UNWOMEN, FAO, ILO, UNHCR, UNICEF

Overview of PBF support and results:

Overview of PBF support and results:

On 15 October 2012, the Government of the Philippines (GPH) and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) signed the Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro, which puts both parties on the path to end nearly four decades of intermittent violent civil conflict. The agreement provided for the creation of a new autonomous political entity, “Bangsamoro” to replace the present Autonomous Region for Muslim Mindanao.

Throughout 2013 and in early 2014, the GPH and MILF negotiated and signed four annexes to the FAB on Transitional Arrangements and Modalities, Revenue Generation and Wealth Sharing, Power sharing and Normalization that provides for the maximum level of autonomy allowable within the constraints of the current Constitution.   The signing of the last annex opened the way to signing of a Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro (CAB), which took place on March 27, 2014.

A Bangsamoro Transition Commission (BTC) was established to lead a deliberative process with public participation to inform the drafting of the BBL, a legal framework to create the Bangsamoro. Congressional deliberations on the BBL experienced a setback following an outbreak of violence in January 2015.  The creation of a new Government, under incoming President Duterte following May 2016 presidential elections, has provided renewed momentum for achieving lasting peace in Mindanao and reinvigorated the Bangsamoro peace process.

The project, “Increasing Public Confidence and Participation in Support of Implementation of the Bangsamoro Peace Agreement” supports the implementation of the 2014 Bangsamoro Peace Agreement with initiatives to reduce barriers to acceptance of the agreement among key actors and populations: 1) public advocacy, broad participation of political leaders and formation of political parties for development of new democratic institutions and processes; and 2) protecting rights and addressing the needs of critical constituencies in the new Bangsamoro entity including IDPs and young people in conflict-affected and marginalized areas.

The PBF project has supported initiatives to promote broad acceptance of the CAB through political engagement at the national and regional levels. The initiatives includes facilitating political dialogue and advocacy on the BBL among legislators, and eminent persons from the civic, religious, media, and the private sector, and launching initiatives meant to secure the constitutionality and legality of the Peace Agreement. The project has also supported youth and adolescent engagement in the peace and transition process with an emphasis on creating opportunities at the community level.

Since the May 2016 elections, the project has continued to work on expanding the peace constituency, support for continued transformation of MILF combatants to civilian/political roles, support to dialogues between the MILF and the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), dialogues with newly elected leaders to promote the Bangsamoro peace agenda, and a national forum to assess the status of the peace process and discuss ways forward for the new Administration.

Updated July 2016