Nepal’s peace process has made significant progress since the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2006 where the UN provided targeted support to the process based on its comparative advantages.
The second round of Peacebuilding Fund support – which continues to catalyse support for the UN Peace Fund – aims to see the peace process come to fuller fruition through inter alia, support for the completion and adoption of a new constitution, the holding of local elections, commencement of a transitional justice process, land reforms, and women empowerment.
Nepal was declared eligible for PBF support on 28 December 2007 on request of the UN Country Team and in close consultation with the Government of Nepal. Since 2009, PBF support to Nepal amounts to more than US$18 million. The first PBF Priority Plan (US$10 million) was approved in July 2008 to support three priority areas in the areas of: strengthening state capacity for sustaining peace, community recovery, and conflict prevention and reconciliation.
A follow-up second Plan was commissioned 2012 to sustain post-CPA support based on the Seven-Point Agreement of 1 November 2011 signed by the leaders of four main parties. The Plan supports security sector reforms, judiciary reforms, political dialogue (new constitution and state restructuring; land reform); community national reconciliation, and empowerment of women and children (UNSCRs 1325 and 1820 & CAAC).
Nepal has also been a recipient of support under the PBF Gender Promotion Initiatives. All of these projects will conclude their activities by September 2015. PBF programming in Nepal was adversely affected by the April 2015 earthquake disaster which necessitated extension of the duration of most projects.
Total funding support in US$:
- PRF allocations – $7,760,485
- IRF allocations – $2,812,734
Focus of PBF support
|Project name/ ID||Focus||Period||Budget||RUNOs|
|PBF/NPL/D-3 Building Peace in Nepal: Ensuring a participatory and secure transition PBF/NPL/D-3||The project objective is to facilitate Nepal’s complex post-conflict transition by fostering inclusive collaboration among a broad range of leaders, and improving community security by strengthening national capacity on collaborative leadership and dialogue across government, political party and civil society sectors at national and local levels, and to reduce gender-based violence.||March 2013 – December 2015||$2,558,368||UNDPUN Women|
|PBF/NPL/A-2 Rule of Law and Human Rights Project (ROLHR)PBF/NPL/A-2||The project aims to tackle the issues of low confidence of women and vulnerable groups in court services; access to justice for women and vulnerable groups; capacity of legal aid services; complementarity between formal and informal justice systems; representation of women and vulnerable groups in the legal profession; and lack of adequate capacity of criminal justice system in addressing the issues of conflict victims.||April 2013-December 2015||$2,477,455||UNDPUN Women|
|Catalytic Support on Land IssuesPBF/NPL/A-1||The project aims to create a conducive environment for the development and implementation of a land policy with provisions of land reform and land use and the peaceful resolution of land and property conflicts by supporting small catalytic steps that facilitate important dialogue on the matter between the different stakeholders.||March 2013 – December 2015||$1,224,662||IOMUNDP
|PBF/NPL/D-2 Reintegration and Rehabilitation of Children Affected by Armed ConflictPBF/NPL/D-2||This project is intended to support government’s implementation of the National Plan of Action for Reintegration and Rehabilitation of Children Affected by Armed Conflict (NPA – CAAC) by enhancing the capacity of relevant government and non-government actors.||March 2013 – December 2015||$1,500,000||UNICEF|
|Increasing the safety of journalistsPBF/NPL/A-3||The project aims at improving the security situation of journalists and media professionals in Nepal on three different levels of: a nationally owned independent mechanism; security sector institutions; and individual (male and female) journalists will be trained on how to encounter cases of threats.||April 2013 – December 2015||$566,526||UNESCO|
|Safeguarding Peacebuilding Gains in Nepal: Support for Coordination, Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation of the UNPFNPBF/NPL/H-1||The project provides technical support to ensure continued and effective functioning of the UN Peace Fund for Nepal (UNPFN) during the critical transitional phase of the peace process||March 2015 – September 2016||$669,606||UNDP|
|Empowering Women 4 Women: Access to Land for Sustainable Peace in NepalPBF/IRF-107||This project will ensure gender balance and inclusion of women’s perspectives within the existing policy discussions about land reform in Nepal.||December 2014 – August 2016||$1,000,000||UNDPUN Habitat
|Localizing Women Peace and Security Agenda in Central Terai districts of NepalPBF/IRF-108||The joint-project contributes to an enabling environment and the institutional foundation required for gender sensitive peacebuilding in Central Terai region of Nepal by improving and enhancing service delivery to conflict affected women and budgetary allocation for the implementation of NAP in municipalities and select VDCs||December 2014 – July 2016||$576,602||UN WomenUNDP|
Download Independent External Review of the United Nations Peace Fund for Nepal (UNPFN) Download First Nepal Priority Plan 2008 Download Second Nepal Priority Plan 2012 Download UN Peace Fund for Nepal (UNPFN) Terms of References/Guidelines Download UNPFN Independent Evaluation 2011 Download UN Peacebuilding Strategy Download UNPFN Fact Sheet (2012)
Updated October 2015
Quarterly reports for each project are available on the MPTF-O Gateway site