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Mali

Women in MaliIn Mali, PBF is supporting the implementation of the preliminary Ouagadougou Peace Agreement and subsequently the agreement of June 2015, filling a crucial gap through high risk interventions in the North of the country, in a highly volatile environment, where other donors and partners have proven less willing to intervene. PBSO’s common aim across its financing is to increase support for a peace settlement amongst parties and the population.

PBSO’s first grant in early 2014 responded to a direct appeal of the UN SRSG who was looking for financial support for cantonment at a time when a full disarmament agreement had not yet been made. Later, in April, the Secretary General declared Mali formally eligible to receive PBF support in the following priority areas:

1) national reconciliation;
2) security sector and judiciary;
3) restoration of state authority and inclusive local governance; and
4) the reintegration of refugees and internally displaced persons into their communities.

Since 2013, PBF has allocated $11 million through a package of Immediate Response Facility (IRF) activities to support peace dividend activities in the regions of Gao, Timbouktou, focussing on delivering basic services and creating employment opportunities in conflict affected areas. Most of these projects have a strong youth and gender component and promote community dialogue to foster social cohesion across the communities affected by the conflict. In late 2014 Mali was awarded a $1 million Gender Promotion Initiative project to institutionalise the prevention and response mechanisms to Gender Based Violence (including the cases registered during the occupation in the North).

PBSO has worked with implementing partners to use activities to reach across conflict lines in the north, and thus minimize further polarization and conflict.  The projects, which are coming to a close in 2016, yielded concrete results in the regions of Gao and Timbouktou, fostering peace and social cohesion. Further financing in Mali will be based on the impact and lessons learned from the first set of interventions.

Period and total funding in US$ of PBF support:

 Ongoing projects:

Project name/ ID Focus Period Budget RUNOs
PBF/IRF-101 Appui au Renforcement des capacités de résilience aux conflits des femmes et des jeunes dans la région de Gao et Tombouctou Support the reconciliation process in the regions of Gao and Timbouktu, promoting social cohesion through participation in decision-making and economic opportunities for youth and women.Partners: Ministry of Youth, Ministry of Reconciliation; Ministry of Youth, Ministry of employment, Ministry of decentralisation, Ministry of women, children and youth; NGOs (Conseil National de la jeunesse, APIM) 2015-2016 $2,111,110 UNDP/UNIDO
PBF/IRF-102 Solutions pour la reintegration durable et pacifique des personnes deplaces internes (PDIs) et des refugies rapatries dans les regions de Gao et de Tombouctou This project promotes durable solutions for IDPs and Returnees in the regions of Gao and Timbuktou, including access to basic services and strengthening social cohesion in their respective communities through community dialogue.Partners: Ministry of Solidarity, Humanitarian action and Reconstruction of the North, Ministry of Interior and Security , local authorities; NGOs (STOP Sahel DRC, ACTED) 2015-2016 $2,500,000 UNHCR/IOM
PBF/IRF-101Projet de l’education pour la consolidation de la paix au Nord du Mali This project aims at strengthening social cohesion in the regions of Gao and Timbuktou through the improvement of equitable access to education for the most vulnerable children and promoting  inclusive dialogue across the communities they belong to.Partners: Minister of Education; INGOs (Save the Children, IRC,NRC) national NGO: ACAS, APADL, APROMORS,AFDIL, GARDL, GRADE, SEAD) 2015-2016 $1,999,519 UNICEF
GPI : PBF/IRF-105Programme d’amelioration de l’acces des femmes victimes de violences sexuelles et basees sur le genre a la justice et la securite dans le processus de consolidation de la paix au Mali The project aims at institutionalising the judicial response to GBV linked to the conflict and to improve the victims access to services as well as to strengthen the protection of their rights in line with SC resolution 1325 in the framework of the reconciliation process in MaliPartners: Ministry of women, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Interior and security, Ministry of defence, Ministry of communication; NGOs (GREFFA, AGM, WILDAF, SINISANUMAN,CAFO, REPSFECO) 2015-2016 $ 998,310 UN WomenUNFPA
PBF/IRF-84Confidence-building through  the support to the Cantonment process in Kidal:  currently suspended This project aims at strengtheningconfidence to implement theceasefire and stabilization process,as previously definedin the Ouagadougou provisionalagreement including the mechanismsestablished (CSE, CTMS & cantonment)to support the agreement implementationand monitoring. The projects foresees toset up 2 cantonment camps for 1350

combatants.

2014 $2,997,414 UNOPS/MINUSMA

Link on Multi-Partner Trust Fund Office Gateway: http://mptf.undp.org/factsheet/country/MLI

Overview of PBF support and results:

In line with the findings of the PBF review conducted in 2013, in Mali PBSO opted for a tailored IRF approach, designed to work in more volatile environments where the longer-term Peacebuilding and Recovery Facility is less well-suited. PBF tested an innovative ‘hybrid’ approach through a package of IRF projects closely interlinked and with a common result framework. The package, based on a conflict analysis conducted by the Integrated Mission, was conceptualised as holistic and strategic response to root problems affecting the populations in the North, with a view to increasing their confidence in the peace process through access to peace dividends and support to social cohesion.

In 2014 PBF put in place a small strategic Steering Committee to provide the guidance, oversight and approve the package of support. The Committee is composed of four members: the UN DSRSG/RC/HC, a representative from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, IMRAP (the Institut Malien de Recherche Action pour la Paix), representing the NGOs, and the EU, representing the development partners.

Under the leadership of the Steering Committee, a competitive process was designed, which identified projects which were the best strategic match for the PBF support in northern Mali. Once the projects were identified, a common higher level Results Framework was prepared with PBSO assistance, to help strengthen their coherence and joint focus on increased confidence and social cohesion.

Moreover, in Mali the PBF is trying a new M&E approach through an independent community monitoring mechanism to strengthen the accountability of the communities and their oversight capacity over the implementation of the peace agreement.

While it’s too early to tell if Mali will be able to sustain peace in the North, the PBF-funded programs are yielding results. On an international level, the catalytic effect of the Fund’s decision to support 3 cantonment sites for armed combatants in the north resulted in the World Bank committing $26 million toward reintegration of the combatants into society, after they are demobilized. Soon, 3,500 combatants will move into the cantonment camps, which grew from three funded by the PBF to 10 more as other donors followed; locals near the camps will get new marketplaces and improved services; UNDP and UNIDO trained youth and women groups on income generation activities and some of these groups are currently building new businesses; following 10,000 radio ads, almost 500 victims of sexual violence have access to safe havens, treatment and a place to talk with each other, crossing ethnic divides; almost 4,000 children, half of them girls, went back to school to make up for four years of missed education and participated with their parents in programs fostering peace and unity. Finally, people who fled the conflict and are now returning get access to basic social services, which reinforces peaceful relations between local communities and returnees and a climate of increased trust in the peace process.

Key documents:

–    PBSO letter of approval of projects

–    Common results framework

Updated October 2015