(Summary) Overview of PBF support and results:
The Peacebuilding Fund has been supporting Guinea-Bissau since 2008, following the country’s request for support from the Peacebuilding Commission. The Fund is one of the leading investors in peace in Guinea-Bissau, having allocated a total of $22 million to date. The Fund’s flexibility has been a key asset, allowing it to respond to the coup of 2012 through a cessation of activities that were no longer relevant to the context; the use of a package of IRF grants during the transition period of 2013-14 amounting to $5 million; and most recently the design of a new Peacebuilding and Recovery Facility grant of $10 million. As has been often highlighted, peacebuilding is a rocky process, and PBSO aims to work closely with the advice of the Peacebuilding Commission to ensure that its most recent grant is being fine-tuned in line with the evolving political situation. As of October 2015, projects for the most recent grant are in the design stage.
Overview of PBF support and results:
Guinea Bissau is a post-conflict country that has suffered recurrent episodes of political violence, with associated human rights abuses and impunity. Guinea Bissau is a donor orphan country in West Africa, struggling to consolidate peace and democracy.
A new Priority Plan for Peacebuilding, amounting to $10 million has been approved in June 2015 to support the new Government in the implementation of crucial reforms presented at the Brussels Round Table in March 2015 as the “Terra Ranca” development plan. The Priority Plan includes an updated conflict analysis and is aligned with the mutual political engagements agreed with the Peacebuilding Commission in the course of 2014.The Priority Plan focuses on 4 areas: 1) SSR; 2) national dialogue and reconciliation; 3) fight against impunity; 4) youth and women employment. Projects under this Priority Plan are under development.
Following the last military coup d’état in April 2012, the country relapsed into an acute crisis. The Joint Steering Committee effectively disappeared. The PBF suspended its peacebuilding programs pending the return to constitutional order, in line with PBF’s mandate to work only in those post-conflict settings where Governments have demonstrated a commitment to a peace agreement or a peaceful approach to conflict management.
However, PBF decided to re-engage in Guinea-Bissau through the Immediate Response Facility (IRF) to provide support to SRSG Ramos-Horta’s efforts towards the restoration of constitutional order and based on the recommendations of the joint African Union/European Union/Economic Community of West African States/United Nations mission in December 2012.
PBF has therefore made available $5m to contribute to establishing a conducive environment for the elections to fill crucial financial gaps in this area. Several IRF projects greatly contributed to the conduct of free, fair democratic and peaceful elections in April/May 2014 for a total amount of $4.8 m. They include support to a high-level strategic planning commission jointly supported with the Department of Political Affairs and the United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Guinea-Bissau (UNIOGBIS); the employment of women and youth; support to the elections with special focus on ensuring security, media support and women’s enhanced participation in the elections, through the establishment of the first Women Situation Center, headed by Lieutenant Colonel Cady Seidi, who was later appointed Minister of Defence.
An independent evaluation of the impact of the first tranche was conducted in October 2011. Overall the peacebuilding impact of the first Priority Plan has been considered limited because of weaknesses at the level of programme design and management as well as because of limited national ownership of peacebuilding interventions. The main recommendations of the evaluation include the following aspects: future PBF programmes should be the result of a thorough conflict analysis, clearly identifying root causes and key drivers of conflict as well as the best approach to tackle them; less emphasis on technical aspects of projects (construction and rehabilitation of infrastructures) and greater attention to political processes, before investing in hardware type of projects; activities should be linked to benchmarks of political commitment by the authorities.
List of current projects:
|Project name/ ID||One sentence explaining focus||Period||Budget||RUNOs|
|Support to the PBF Secretariat /ID: PBF/IRF-83||This project provides support to the newly established Executive Committee in charge of overseeing the new Peacebuilding Priority Plan approved in June 2015||15 Feb 2014/Dec 2015||$891,341||UNDP|
|Quick and Multilevel impact for women’s empowerment and improvement of working conditions in GB||The project aims at improving women’s security and rights through socio-economic and legal activities aiming at women’s economic security||21 March 2012/ December 2015||$1,000,000||FAO, UNICEF ,UN Women\|
Key documents:Download Peacebuilding Priority Plan 2011-2013 Download Joint Steering Committee ToRs Download Evaluation Download Priority Plan 2015-2017 Download PBSO letter of approval for Priority Plan 2015-2017
Updated October 2015
Quarterly reports for each project are available on the MPTF-O Gateway site