After having suspended PBF support to the Central African Republic (CAR) in early 2013, in December that year the PBF reengaged with CAR to support peacebuilding efforts of the Transitional Government through the Immediate Response Facility (IRF). Since then, MINUSCA and the UN Country Team have called on PBF support to advance key elements of the peace process and address critical risks. Activities financed in 2014 focused on the strengthening of human rights monitoring, the rehabilitation and provision of security by the police and gendarmerie – including the payment of salaries during four months in collaboration with the World Bank – and the voluntary relocation of ex-seleka combatants from their camps in Bangui to their communities of choice or origin. Support in the area of reconciliation supported the Bangui Forum, including the pre-consultations held across the country. In 2015, PBF support to CAR is focusing on the redeployment of state authority, community violence reduction and catalytic support for the strengthening of political parties. The PBF will also contribute, exceptionally, $1 million towards elections in order to help catalyse additional support. In October, 2015, a resurgence of violence in Bangui shook the peace process and also resulted in damage to some of the earlier rehabilitation work undertaken by PBF. This reflects the high-risk nature of investing in fragile settings, and also underlines the importance of working closely with peace operations to ensure protection of gains achieved through PBF investments.
Total funding support in US$:
The PBF has been supporting peacebuilding efforts in the Central African Republic since 2008 for a total amount of $ 48 million, of which $ 34 million had been disbursed prior to the relapse into violence of late 2013. Total funding provided in support of the current transition amounts to $ 14 million, with more expected before the end of the year.
Focus of PBF support:
|Project name/ ID||Focus||Period||Budget||RUNOs|
|PBF/IRF-79:Restoration d’urgence des capacites fonctionnelles de la Police et de la Gendarmerie a Bangui (CAR)||Support to the urgent rehabilitation of all police (8) and gendarmerie (3) stations in Bangui||2014-2016||$ 2,496,718||UNDPUNDPA|
|PBF/IRF-88 Appui au paiement des salaires de la Police et de la gendarmerie de la Republique Centrafricaine||Support to the payment of salaries of police and gendarmerie in collaboration with the World Bank and support to a mechanism of police and gendarmerie compliance to the Secretary-General Human Rights Due Diligence Policy||2014-2016||$ 5,762,600||UNDPCARMPTFUN
|PBF/IRF-103: Appui au processus de reconciliation nationale pour une paix durable en RCA (CAR)||Support to reconciliation and political dialogue, including preparations for the Bangui Forum and the establishment of a network of mediators||2014-2016||$ 2,709,306||UNDPUNFPA|
Overview of PBF support and results:
In 2014, the political and security situation in the Central African Republic remained fragile, with continued clashes between elements of the anti-Balaka and ex-Séléka groups in Bangui and elsewhere. This resulted in continued vulnerability of the civilian population and highlighted the urgent need to strengthen institutional capacities, including in the area of justice and security, as well as the extension of state authority. Efforts to promote reconciliation and dialogue in the country in 2014 included the June launch of the Urgent Action Plan for National Reconciliation, as part of the General Reconciliation Strategy, and the July Brazzaville cessation of hostilities agreement. At Brazzaville, the parties agreed to hold local consultations as well as a Forum in Bangui aimed at forging a national-level consensus on issues such as disarmament, demobilization and reintegration, security sector reform, rule of law, and political and economic governance.
In response to these peacebuilding challenges, the Fund supported three strategic interventions in the country in 2014. In May, as part of efforts to safeguard core government services, $4.5 million was transferred from the Fund to the Bank of the Central African Republic, to pay the salaries of 3,417 police and gendarmerie from May to August. In parallel, the World Bank paid the salaries of the remainder of the civil service for the same period. The Fund has piloted a new modality with this project, using Government systems directly by passing funds through the Treasury. This approach was negotiated carefully with the World Bank, UNDP and other partners, utilizing shared monitoring systems and following a verification exercise jointly undertaken by UNDP and the World Bank, which produced a payroll of approximately 20,000 vetted civil servants.
In June, following on a direct appeal by MINUSCA to help address the threat posed by the presence of armed ex-Seleka in Bangui, the Peacebuilding Support Office approved $2.5 million to support the voluntary relocation of ex-Séleka combatants from camps in Bangui to their communities of origin or choice, and to provide support to receiving communities. In 2014, more than 800 ex-combatants and family members were voluntarily relocated. As of June 2015, approximately 75% of those who volunteered to be relocated have remained disengaged from fighting.
In December 2014 the Fund allocated $2.7 million to aid reconciliation and political dialogue efforts in the country. The project, co-financed by UNDP and the Peacebuilding Fund, among other, supported the organization of the Bangui Forum that took place in May 2015. This support enabled the conduct of local consultations in preparation for the Forum, which helped to feed an inclusive process. These local consultations marked the first time in the country’s history that a national dialogue included the voices of those beyond the capital, an important step in repairing citizens’ confidence in and legitimacy of governing institutions.
In 2015, new PBF support to CAR is focusing on the redeployment of state authority, community violence reduction and catalytic support for the strengthening of political parties and elections.
Quarterly reports for each project are available on the MPTF-O Gateway site