UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon declared the Central African Republic eligible to receive assistance from the Peacebuilding Fund in January 2008. Since that time, the PBF has allocated $31 million within two funding tranches. The first amount of $10 million was granted in June 2008 and its achievements include the following:
- Demobilisation and reintegration of children formerly associated with armed groups, carried out by UNICEF. A total of 432 children – 38 girls and 404 boys – have been demobilised and reunited with their families. Additionally, the PBF has funded social and economic reintegration of 1,537 demobilized and vulnerable children, and the completion of two transit centres in Paoua and Bocaranga.
- Enhanced access to justice of women in conflict-affected areas through supporting UNHCR in the establishment of two mobile justice clinics in Paoua and Ndelé. 7 legal staff and 14 community focal points were trained and more than 500 people were reached through community education campaigns.
- Strengthened women’s participation in conflict resolution through micro-credit activities and training, with UNFPA as the executing agency. This resulted in the organization of lobbying campaigns by local women’s groups to enhance their participation in decision-making processes. More than 1,000 people were reached.
- Yielding peace dividends through job creation by supporting UNESCO in the renovation of training centres in Bozoum, Bossangoa and Bria to help youth improve their job skills. PBF furthermore supported economic recovery activities in areas that were affected by conflict. Through UNDP, sixty farmer associations benefited from support in business management and farming.
Building upon the first phase, the second round of funding, approved in early 2010, focuses on Security Sector Reform (SSR) and Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration of Ex-combatants (DDR), establishing the rule of law and good governance, and the delivery of peace dividends in zones that were severely affected by the conflict. The CAR’s Joint Steering Committee has approved 14 projects in line with key peacebuilding priorities set out in the revised priority plan.
Activities under this tranche include:
- The reconstruction of military barracks and brigades for the national gendarmerie, to complement other security sector reform programs (UNOPS, $5 million);
- Protection and social reintegration of children formerly associated with armed groups, including psychosocial support and vocational training, and reporting of violations of the rights of the child under Security Council Resolution 1612 (UNICEF, WFP, UNFPA, $1.5 million);
- Activities to strengthen the delivery of justice in conflict areas through the establishment of tribunals and ‘maisons d’arret’, legal reform and training of judicial staff, as well as judicial assistance to vulnerable groups, in particular victims of sexual violence (UNDP, $2.2 million);
- Activities in support of youth employment and revitalisation of the economy in areas that have been heavily affected by conflict. Support will be provided to enable the economical integration of young farmers and revitalisation of agricultural activities for 5,570 rural families (FAO, 1.8 million);
Quarterly reports for each project are available on the MPTF-O Gateway site